NASA Selects Commercial Space Partners for Collaborative Partnerships – SpaceFlight Insider, Science News

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Wednesday, 24 December 2014

NASA Selects Commercial Space Partners for Collaborative Partnerships – SpaceFlight Insider

On Tuesday, Dec. 23 NASA announced that the space agency had tapped four aerospace firms to further its efforts to develop new space capabilities. What NASA has called the Collaborations for Commercial Space Capabilities (CCSC ) initiative, in an unfunded agreement with these companies to further the agency’s various commercial efforts and is meant to utilize the experience and the private sector’s infrastructure to attempt to create new technologies.

The CCSC is designed to help the private space sector in the development of integrated space capabilities by allowing these companies to have access to technologies and resources that NASA has created and honed during the first half-century since its formation in October of 1958. The four company’s that NASA has selected

* ATK Space Systems, in Beltsville, Maryland, is developing space logistics, hosted payload and other space transportation capabilities.
* Final Frontier Design, in Brooklyn, New York, is developing intra-vehicular activity space suits.
* SpaceX, in Hawthorne, California, is developing space transportation capabilities that could be used to support missions into deep space.
* United Launch Alliance, in Centennial, Colorado, is developing new launch vehicle capabilities to reduce cost and enhance performance.

“Companies in all shapes and sizes are investing their own capital toward innovative commercial space capabilities,” said Phil McAlister, director of commercial spaceflight development at NASA Headquarters in Washington. “These awards demonstrate the diversity and maturity of the commercial space industry. We look forward to working with these partners to advance space capabilities and make them available to NASA and other customers in the coming years.”

NASA has encountered success with some of its commercial ventures. Image Credit: NASA /SpaceX

NASA has stated that the agency hopes that these companies will develop products and services which will be available within the next five years or so.

To help accomplish this under the restrictive budget that the space agency currently operates under, NASA and the four companies noted above will work under unfunded Space Act Agreements (in short, no money will exchange hands, but these companies will instead have access to NASA resources and experience). While it might not seem like much to the outsider, for the newer companies involved with this effort, this is a windfall in terms of access and information.

NASA brings more than five decades worth of spaceflight experience to the table and each of these companies will gain access to technical expertise, assessments, technologies, data as well as lessons learned through trial and error – that they simply cannot find anywhere else. For NASA, these types of agreements are also beneficial as they incur no cost and provide the agency with synergistic experiences that keep the agency flush with new concepts and methodologies.

Public-private agreements such as CCSC are all the rage with NASA, with the agency sponsoring the following in just the past few years alone:

Commercial Orbital Transportation Services – Kick started NASA’s efforts to have private companies deliver cargo to the International Space Station.

Commercial Resupply Services – Operational initiative to ferry cargo, experiments and supplies to the ISS. To date, six missions have traveled to the orbiting laboratory and carried some 19,052 lbs (8,642 kg) worth of cargo and supplies to the only current destination in low-Earth orbit.

Commercial Crew Program – NASA’s effort to cede transportation of astronauts to the ISS.

Lunar CATALYST – Initiative to develop a commercial robotic lunar lander.

Under its current directive, NASA has not only been tasked with enabling commercial companies to handle some of the responsibilities that the agency has handled for its first fifty years. After a hiatus of more than four decades, NASA will now attempt to return to the business of sending astronauts to destinations in deep space. The space agency is hoping to send a crew to an asteroid by 2024 and missions to Mars sometime in to 2030s.

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