Suborbital Spaceflight Simulator Can Save Lives

Suborbital Spaceflight Simulator Can Save Lives

The fatal mishap with Virgin Galactic’s Spaceship Two on October 31, 2014, caused by premature unlocking of the feather system by the co-pilot, revealed some serious shortcomings of the flight simulators used to prepare pilots for suborbital spaceflights (Barbara Kanki, Space Safety Magazine, July 29, 2015): “While crews may have practiced normal and non-normal procedures in a full mission scenario, many critical aspects of the operational environment were missing, including vibration and g-forces as well as elements of time pressure […]. When present, such conditions may result in much greater workload and stress than what would be experienced in a flight simulator.” This tragic incident, killing one pilot and injuring the other, stresses the need for new-generation simulators that better replicate the operational environment.

The first-of-its-kind simulator DESDEMONA at TNO (Soesterberg, the Netherlands) offers such capability. Featuring an all-attitude cabin, a centrifuge and a horizontal and a vertical track, the simulator is capable of reproducing the operational environment with respect to higher g-forces, vibrations, and extreme attitudes. It is now being used to familiarize future spaceflight participants with the typical g-forces of suborbital spaceflight. The simulated flight profile represents a winged vehicle that takes off horizontally from a spaceport, accelerates with 2g (“eye balls in”) to Mach 3, unloads to simulate weightlessness while enjoying an outside view of the Earth, and finally pulls more than 3g (“head-to-feet”) for 20 seconds during the re-entry in the atmosphere. For untrained participants, the latter phase of increased g-forces is most challenging as it drains blood from the brain, which may lead to a blackout or even g-induced loss-of-consciousness (G-LOC). For flight crews, the increased g-forces result in higher workload and may also induce spatial disorientation, daring their perception of “up” and “down”. Spatial disorientation is the dreaded cause of Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT), and Loss Of Control In-flight (LOC-I), the two biggest killers in military and commercial aviation today. Clearly, suborbital flight crews should be specifically trained to recognize the various types of spatial disorientation that they may encounter in-flight.

DESDEMONA (acronym for DESorientation DEMONstrator Amst) was co-developed in the 2010s by AMST Systemtechnik GmbH (Austria) and TNO to reproduce specifically those flight conditions that lead to spatial disorientation and loss of control. The cockpit is equipped with an 180×40 degrees out-the-window visual display, cockpit instruments, and flight controls. With the appropriate simulator model, a pilot can fly spaceflight-in-the-loop scenarios and get realistic motion feedback from the advanced motion platform. This way, pilots can practice non-normal flight conditions before experiencing them in real flight. This approach is already successfully being applied for military pilots, allowing them to practice flight conditions that are either very rare, or too dangerous or expensive to train in flight. An example of such training is the recovery from an inverted deep stall of an F-16, where DESDEMONA’s cabin is actually being inverted and rocking equally to the aircraft. Being inverted not only causes spatial disorientation in the pilot, it also makes the recovery much more demanding than is the case in a conventional simulator. Another example is the simulation of unusual attitudes, and other “upsets”, of transport aircraft. This offers the opportunity for commercial pilots to experience the non-normal aircraft behavior associated with an aerodynamic stall, including the strong vibrations due to “buffeting” of the wing. As buffeting is an important warning signal for an impending stall, it is essential to accurately reproduce these vibrations in the simulator.

In comparison to conventional aircraft, suborbital spaceflights involve even more extreme motions and attitudes. This poses special requirements for the simulator training of their flight crews. The accident with Space Ship Two underlines this. Currently, the industry seems to make use of standard flight simulators that are very limited in reproducing the physical environment of suborbital spaceflight. With the advanced DESDEMONA simulator, suborbital pilots can practice normal and non-normal procedures in an environment under realistic workload. A groundbreaking space era calls for groundbreaking simulator technologies.

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-Suborbital flight simulation

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Spaceflight Simulator APK download – Free game for Android SAFE

Spaceflight Simulator

Package com.StefMorojna.SpaceflightSimulator
Version 1.4.06 (58)
Updated September 08, 2018
Size 32.1 MB
Installs 5,000,000+
Category Simulation
Developer Stefo Mai Morojna

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Download Spaceflight Simulator for Android Mobile

Spaceflight Simulator [32.1 MB] 2020 apk download is supported by a wide range of phones running Android 4.1+( Jio, Samsung Galaxy, Nokia, Sony, LG, Huawei, Vivo, Oppo, Xiaomi, Realmi, HTC, Moto (Motorola), Philips, Nexus, OnePlus, Honor, Asus, BenQ, Acer Liquid, alcatel etc.). You can also find to download all versions of the app ( the latest) with 100% original apk files taken from Google Play without any modifications at (Check if the apk file is original). Also, we are always quick to update the new version as soon as it is released on Google Play. For the best experience, you’re highly recommended to download and install Spaceflight Simulator latest version 1.4.06 apk because of its improvements, bug fixes and outstanding added features.

Download Spaceflight Simulator for PC/Windows 7/8/10

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Axiom Space plans first-ever fully private human spaceflight mission to International Space Station

Spaceflight now twitter

Press Release From: Axiom Space
Posted: Friday, March 6, 2020

Today Axiom Space announced it is planning history’s first fully private human spaceflight mission to the International Space Station.

Axiom has signed a contract with SpaceX for a Crew Dragon flight which will transport a commander professionally trained by Axiom alongside three private astronauts to and from the International Space Station. The mission, set to launch as soon as the second half of 2021, will allow the crew to live aboard the ISS and experience at least eight days of microgravity and views of Earth that can only be fully appreciated in the large, venerable station.

“This history-making flight will represent a watershed moment in the march toward universal and routine access to space,” Axiom CEO Michael Suffredini said. “This will be just the first of many missions to ISS to be completely crewed and managed by Axiom Space – a first for a commercial entity. Procuring the transportation marks significant progress toward that goal, and we’re glad to be working with SpaceX in this effort.”

This is the first of Axiom’s proposed “precursor missions” to the ISS envisioned under its Space Act Agreement (SAA) with NASA. Discussions with NASA are underway to establish additional enabling agreements for the private astronaut missions to ISS.

Axiom plans to offer professional and private astronaut flights to ISS at a rate of up to two per year to align with flight opportunities as they are made available by NASA, while simultaneously constructing its own privately funded space station.

“Since 2012, SpaceX has been delivering cargo to the International Space Station in partnership with NASA and later this year, we will fly NASA astronauts for the first time,” said SpaceX President and Chief Operating Officer Gwynne Shotwell. “Now, thanks to Axiom and their support from NASA, privately crewed missions will have unprecedented access to the space station, furthering the commercialization of space and helping usher in a new era of human exploration.”

With its team’s vast experience in human spaceflight, Axiom serves as a one-stop shop overseeing all elements of its missions. In addition to contracting with SpaceX for a Crew Dragon vehicle to transport its crew to the ISS, Axiom’s turnkey service for the mission – two days in transit and at least eight days aboard the ISS – includes training, mission planning, hardware development, life support, medical support, crew provisions, hardware and safety certifications, on-orbit operations and overall mission management.

NASA recently selected Axiom’s proposal to attach its space station modules to the ISS beginning in the second half of 2024, ultimately creating a new ‘Axiom Segment’ which will expand the station’s usable and habitable volume. When the ISS reaches its retirement date, the Axiom complex will detach and operate as a free-flying commercial space station.

By serving the market for immediate access to space while building the future platform for a global user base, Axiom is leading the development and settlement of low Earth orbit now and into the future.

Axiom Space was founded in 2016 with the aim of creating humanity’s home in space to ensure a prosperous future for everyone, everywhere. While building and launching the Axiom Segment of the International Space Station to one day form the world’s first commercial space station, Axiom provides access to the ISS today by conducting crewed missions for professional and private astronauts. More information about Axiom can be found at

For media inquiries: Beau Holder В

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SpaceX s latest Starship prototype passes big tank pressure test, Space

SpaceX’s latest Starship prototype passes big tank pressure test

The SN2’s survival could pave the way for flight tests in the near future.

SpaceX’s newest prototype of its Starship Mars-colonizing vehicle just passed a crucial pressure test, potentially paving the way for more ambitious trials in the near future.

Starship version SN2 survived a cryogenic pressure test late Sunday (March 8) at SpaceX’s South Texas facilities, company founder and CEO Elon Musk said. You can see a video timelapse of the test from Starship watcher Mary “BocaChicaGal here for

“SN2 (with thrust puck) passed cryo pressure & engine thrust load tests late last night,” Musk tweeted Monday (March 9).

Static fire & short flights with SN3, longer flights with SN4, but spooling up the whole Starship/Raptor production line is really what mattersMarch 9, 2020

Sleeving SN2 dome in the high bay 3, 2020

Similar tests felled the SN2’s two predecessors, the SN1 and an earlier design known as the Mark 1. SpaceX resolved to get to the bottom of the issue quickly, focusing on the “thrust puck,” the structure where Starship’s Raptor engines are mounted.

“We’re stripping SN2 to bare minimum to test the thrust puck to dome weld under pressure, first with water, then at cryo. Hopefully ready to test in a few days,” Musk tweeted on March 2.

With Sunday night’s success in hand, a Starship prototype flight could be coming in the near future.

“Static fire & short flights with SN3, longer flights with SN4, but spooling up the whole Starship/Raptor production line is really what matters,” Musk tweeted Monday, in response to a Twitter follower who asked what the path forward now looks like.

And the iterations won’t stop with SN4. Musk has said that SpaceX’s strategy for getting Starship up and running involves frequently modifying the spacecraft’s design and quickly testing those modifications, to see what works and what needs improvement.

The goal, as the above tweet notes, is to get Starship and its enormous first stage, a rocket called Super Heavy, into efficient and prodigious production. Indeed, Musk recently told Ars Technica’s Eric Berger that SpaceX aims to be building one Starship per week by the end of 2020.

The company has big plans for all of those ships: the colonization of Mars. Musk would like to help establish a million-person city on the Red Planet within the next 50 to 100 years, and making this happen will likely require launching huge numbers of Starships toward the Red Planet every 26 months. (That’s when Earth and Mars align favorably for interplanetary missions.)

Both Starship and Super Heavy are designed to be fully and rapidly reusable, features that are critical to making colonization happen. Super Heavy will loft Starship to Earth orbit, then come back down to the planet for a vertical landing, like the first stages of SpaceX’s Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy rockets already do. Starship, meanwhile, will be powerful enough to launch itself off the surfaces of the moon and Mars, where gravity is much weaker than on Earth.

Reusability lowers costs considerably. Musk recently said that each Starship mission could eventually cost as little as $2 million.

And this future won’t be too far off if everything goes according to SpaceX’s plan. For example, company representatives have said that Starship could start launching satellites to Earth orbit by next year. And Starship already has one crewed mission on its docket: Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa booked the craft on an around-the-moon mission that’s scheduled to lift off in 2023.

Universe Today – Space and astronomy news

Universe Today


Weekly Space Hangout: March 11, 2020 – Dr. Jon Willis talks Galaxy Cluster XLSSC 122

This week we are airing Fraser’s PRERECORDED interview with Dr. Jon Willis, Associate Professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Victoria, Canada.

Asteroid Bennu is Getting Some Official Names for its Surface Features

Late last summer, NASA and the International Astronomical Union’s Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (a.k.a WGPSN) approved the naming convention for features on Bennu, the asteroid currently being orbited and studied by the OSIRIS-Rex spacecraft. The naming theme chosen was “birds and bird-like creatures in mythology.”

The first twelve features thusly named have now been announced. But more importantly, some of these features will be instrumental in helping to guide OSIRIS-REx to the surface of the asteroid later this year.

SpaceX Launches its Last Dragon 1 Mission to the ISS

On Friday, March 6th, as part of the company’s 20th Commercial Resupply Services (CRS-20) mission, SpaceX launched a Dragon 1 capsule destined for the International Space Station (ISS). The mission involved the transport of supplies, as well as materials related to the more than 250 science investigations taking place aboard the ISS. More than that, it represented a milestone for the aerospace manufacturer.

OSIRIS-REx did its Closest Flyover Yet, just 250 Meters Above its Sample Site

NASA’s OSIRIS-REx is getting closer, physically and temporally, to its primary goal. The spacecraft arrived at Bennu at the end of 2018, and for just over a year it’s been studying the asteroid, searching for a suitable sampling site. To do that, it’s getting closer and closer.

Europe’s Mission to Jupiter’s Moons Just Got its First Instrument

The space agencies of the world have some truly ambitious plans in mind for the coming decade. Alongside missions that will search for evidence for past (and maybe present) life on Mars, next-generation space telescopes, and the “return to the Moon”, there are missions will which will explore Jupiter’s moons for signs of extra-terrestrial life. These include the ESA’s JUpiter Icy Moon Explorer (JUICE), which will launch in 2022.

As part of the agency’s Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 program, this spacecraft will conduct detailed observations of Jupiter and three of its large moons – Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa – to see if they could indeed harbor life in their interiors. Late last month (Feb. 25th), the first instrument that will fly aboard JUICE and aid in these efforts was delivered and began the process of integration with the spacecraft.

Every Part of Blue Origin’s New Glenn Rocket is Gigantic, Including its Nose Cone

Massive. Enormous. Huge. Gigantic. And whatever other words you find in the thesaurus all do the job when it comes to describing Blue Origin’s New Glenn Rocket. Especially its nosecone.

Artwork Inspired by Jupiter’s Great Red Spot

Artist Mik Petter has created a vibrant new piece of art based on JunoCam images of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot (GRS). The piece makes use of fractals, which are recursive mathematical creations; increasingly complex patterns that are similar to each other, yet never exactly the same.

Curiosity Finds Organic Molecules That Could Have Been Produced by Life on Mars

What do coal, crude oil, and truffles have in common? Go ahead. We’ll wait.

The answer is thiophenes, a molecule that behaves a lot like benzene. Crude oil, coal, and truffles all contain thiophenes. So do a few other substances. MSL Curiosity found thiophenes on Mars, and though that doesn’t conclusively prove that Mars once hosted life, its discovery is an important milestone for the rover. Especially since truffles are alive, and oil and coal used to be, sort of.

Mars 2020’s New Name is… “Perseverance”

Sojourner, Spirit, Opportunity, Curiosity… For decades, NASA’s robotic rovers have explored the surface of Mars looking for clues about its past and subsequent evolution. With every success and discovery, their names became part of the public discourse, infiltrating our vocabulary the same way iconic figures like Armstrong, Einstein, and Hubble did. But what of the next rover that will be sent to explore Mars this summer?

NASA has serious plans for the Mars 2020 rover, the next installment in the Mars Exploration Program after its sister-rover Curiosity. But before this mission can launch and add its impressive capabilities to the hunt for life on Mars (past and present), it needed a proper name. Thanks to Alexander Mather (a grade 7 student from Burke, Virginia), it now has one. From this day forward, the Mars 2020 rover will be known as the Perseverance rover!

The Chemicals That Make Up Exploding Stars Could Help Explain Away Dark Energy

Astronomers have a dark energy problem. On the one hand, we’ve known for years that the universe is not just expanding, but accelerating. There seems to be a dark energy that drives cosmic expansion. On the other hand, when we measure cosmic expansion in different ways we get values that don’t quite agree. Some methods cluster around a higher value for dark energy, while other methods cluster around a lower one. On the gripping hand, something will need to give if we are to solve this mystery.

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Spaceflight Named to Fast Company – s Annual List of the World – s Most Innovative Companies for 2020, Business Wire

Spaceflight Named to Fast Company’s Annual List of the World’s Most Innovative Companies for 2020


Spaceflight Named to Fast Company’s Annual List of the World’s Most Innovative Companies for 2020 (Graphic: Business Wire)

Spaceflight Named to Fast Company’s Annual List of the World’s Most Innovative Companies for 2020 (Graphic: Business Wire)

SEATTLE–( BUSINESS WIRE )–Spaceflight, Inc. has been named to Fast Company’s prestigious annual list of the World’s Most Innovative Companies for 2020. The list honors the businesses making the most profound impact on both industry and culture, showcasing a variety of ways to thrive in today’s fast-changing world. This year’s MIC list features 434 businesses from 39 countries.

Spaceflight was recognized by Fast Company for its comprehensive launch services offering, winning praise for its record-breaking dedicated rideshare mission, SSO-A.

“Being named one of Fast Company’s Most Innovative Companies acknowledges Spaceflight’s ability to develop and execute creative and inventive approaches to making space more accessible,” said Curt Blake, CEO and president of Spaceflight. “Our first dedicated rideshare mission, SSO-A, was incredibly complex and required our team to seek novel solutions to successfully launch 64 satellites from one vehicle. It was an important milestone for the industry and for Spaceflight, demonstrating the viability of rideshare missions. We remain committed to making space more accessible, executing more missions in 2019 than any other year. We’re poised for another year of growth, working with new launch vehicles and expanding our service offering to make launch more affordable, reliable and flexible.”

SSO-A was Spaceflight’s first-ever dedicated rideshare mission, a launch that sent the largest number of satellites from a U.S.-based launch vehicle to space. SSO-A was an important milestone for Spaceflight, as it gave a significant number of customers access to space in a cost-effective way. Without the option of rideshare, many of these organizations would not have had the funds to purchase a ticket to orbit.

The mission launched 64 satellites from 34 organizations from 17 different countries. This diverse manifest included satellites from Earth observation companies, nonprofit organizations, universities, and even a middle school. To effectively launch the payloads, Spaceflight engineered and constructed a payload stack that safely carried the satellites to space. Additionally, to avoid potential collisions on orbit, Spaceflight developed a sequence that deployed the satellites over the course of five hours.

Spaceflight’s success continued through 2019. The company executed nine missions, the most rideshare launches it had performed in one year, launching more than 50 satellites. One of those 50 satellites was the first privately funded lunar lander, which was launched on the first-ever rideshare mission to Geostationary transfer orbit. In total, Spaceflight has launched nearly 300 satellites across 29 different launches. In 2020, Spaceflight plans to execute more than 10 missions, across five different launch vehicles, including two new launch vehicles.

Spaceflight’s parent company, Spaceflight Industries, recently announced it has signed an agreement to sell Spaceflight’s rideshare business to Japan’s Mitsui & Co., Ltd. and Yamasa Co., Ltd. Upon regulatory approval, Spaceflight will continue to operate as an independent U.S.-based company, with a 50/50 joint venture ownership stake by Mitsui & Co. and Yamasa.

Fast Company’s editors and writers sought out the most groundbreaking businesses on the planet and across myriad industries. They also judged nominations received through their application process. The World’s Most Innovative Companies is Fast Company’s signature franchise and one of its most highly anticipated editorial efforts of the year. It provides both a snapshot and a road map for the future of innovation across the most dynamic sectors of the economy.

“At a time of increasing global volatility, this year’s list showcases the resilience and optimism of businesses across the world. These companies are applying creativity to solve challenges within their industries and far beyond,” said Fast Company senior editor Amy Farley, who oversaw the issue with deputy editor David Lidsky.

Virginia Space Flight Academy, Wallops Island VA

Virginia Space Flight Academy | Wallops Island VA

Our Mission

Virginia Space Flight Academy is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization whose mission is to offer and inspire young people in programs that enhance their interest in science, technology, engineering and math and related career opportunities.

If it’s “brain-stretching” fun you seek this summer and thrive on the science of space adventure, check out the Virginia Space Flight Academy’s Summer Camps. For middle school students, ages 11-15, it’s an opportunity to build and launch model rockets. You also build and program robots to perform specific tasks. Add some drone flying to the mix, and you have the formula for a fun week at summer camp.


Taking Lego Robotics to the Next Step with Arduino Coding

STEM Initiatives on the Easter Shore

VSFA’s residential space camps bring young people from around the country to Wallops Island every summer.

Our Newest initiative is to build off season programs offering a variety of STEM-based programs that will build enthusiasm and inspiration for the next generation of home-grown space scientists, technicians, and engineers, sharing the many career opportunities that are right next door at Wallops Island.

Now Hiring Summer Camp Counselors

Registration is Open


It’s almost a wrap! Remember, when you finish your holiday shopping at, AmazonSmile donates to Virginia Space Flight Academy at no cost to you!

No Time to Be Bored!

I just picked up my 13 yr old son. It was his first time away ever and I had to drive 4 hrs to bring him. He roomed with a friend from school. I can’t say enough great things about the program and staff! Highly recommended! He learned so much this week and is talking about next year. I felt very comfortable leaving him there. The program is well tuned with no time to be bored!

Looking Forward to Returning Next Summer

What an amazing week for my daughter. It proved to be beyond what we had expected. She hasn’t stopped talking about her experience and adventures or the friends she’s made and is already looking forward to returning next summer.

Enriching Program

From the time we left him, to the time we picked him up, until now. he continues to tell us so much of what he has learned, you have truly satisfied his appetite and ignited his passion even more just like the rocket he created and launched. It is an absolute honor to be a part of this enriched program. Thank you all for everything.

Walking to the Rocket Launch Pad

Fantastic week last week for my 12 year-old! He was so enthusiastic about everything they did, and the first thing he said was that he wants to go back next year. He loved seeing the hangar where they build the rockets and walking over to the rocket launch pad. Great week!

A 10 out of a 10

My daughter has attended many camps in her 15 years but this is the first time she has come home raving. She gave her experience ‘a 10 out of 10’ which never happens! Thank you for giving her that.

Good mix of field trips, presentations, hands-on activities

I’ve enjoyed checking in on this site during the week to see what types of activities my son has been doing. It seems like a good mix of field trips, presentations and hands-on activities. I like that evening meals are at various sites that helps the local economy and allows my son to see parts of this area as if he’s on vacation. Good value for the money.

Both My Boys LOVED this camp

I can not say enough about this camp. Both of my boys LOVED it and want to go back next year. I am blown away by all of the things they got to do. I am also thankful for the pictures that were taken and the Facebook updates. I felt like I was there with them and was glad to see their smiling faces! THANK YOU VSFA!!

Thank you!

My 13 year old son just finished his week at VSFA, he loved it! A big thank you to all the supporters, organizers and camp counselors who make this possible.

Great Experience

Great experience for our son and the other campers!

Rocketry & Robotics

Amazing opportunity for adolescents to learn about rocketry and robotics. Wonderful program.

I would love to work at NASA or NOAA one day

“When I passed security and entered the NASA facility, I was absolutely astonished at what I saw. So many complex buildings; people working; huge planes and rockets! I would love to work at NASA or NOAA one day.”

Are Like Me

“The people here at Space Camp are like me; it’s kinda hard to find people like that outside of Space Camp.”

Creating Robots

“This camp was very fun and educational. My favorite part was creating a robot and battling them against the other kids and also making/launching the rockets.”

Virginia Space Flight Academy – Nonprofit Explorer


From . © Copyright 2019 Pro Publica Inc.

Nonprofit Explorer

Research Tax-Exempt Organizations


  • EIN: 54-2040355
  • Classification (NTEE)
    Science and Technology Museums (Arts, Culture and Humanities)
  • Nonprofit Tax Code Designation: 501(c)(3)
    Defined as: Organizations for any of the following purposes: religious, educational, charitable, scientific, literary, testing for public safety, fostering national or international amateur sports competition (as long as it doesn’t provide athletic facilities or equipment), or the prevention of cruelty to children or animals.
  • Donations to this organization are tax deductible. 0 –>
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Tax Filings by Year

The IRS Form 990 is an annual information return that most organizations claiming federal tax-exempt status must file yearly. Read the IRS instructions for 990 forms.

If this organization has filed an amended return, it may not be reflected in the data below. Duplicated download links may be due to resubmissions or amendments to an organization’s original return.

If you would like to download Form 990 document PDFs in bulk, the Internet Archive operates a mirror of the original bulk data.

Dec. 2018

990 (filed on July 26, 2019)

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Help Keep Nonprofit Explorer Free!

If you have used our data or site in your research or reporting, add credit and a link to Nonprofit Explorer in your story or publication and let us know.

Dec. 2017

Total Revenue


Total Functional Expenses $179,372 Net income $28,156 Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue Contributions $20,058 9.7% Program services $178,687 86.1% Investment income $346 0.2% Bond proceeds $0 Royalties $0 Rental property income $0 Net fundraising $0 Sales of assets $6,000 2.9% Net inventory sales $0 Other revenue $2,437 1.2% Notable expenses Percent of total expenses Executive compensation $27,500 15.3% Professional fundraising fees $0 Other salaries and wages $23,261 13.0% Other Total Assets $158,665 Total Liabilities $1,251 Net Assets $157,414

Dec. 2016

990EZ (filed on Oct. 6, 2017)

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Dec. 2015

990EZ (filed on Sept. 21, 2016)

Total Revenue


Total Functional Expenses $186,790 Net income $6,179 Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue Contributions $40,010 20.7% Program services $152,905 79.2% Investment income $54 0.0% Net fundraising $0 Sales of assets $0 Net inventory sales $0 Other revenue $0 Other Total Assets $111,520 Total Liabilities $1,303 Net Assets $110,217

Dec. 2014

990EZ (filed on Aug. 5, 2015)

Total Revenue


Total Functional Expenses $171,884 Net income $10,646 Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue Contributions $9,567 5.2% Program services $172,912 94.7% Investment income $51 0.0% Net fundraising $0 Sales of assets $0 Net inventory sales $0 Other revenue $0 Other Total Assets $106,091 Total Liabilities $2,053 Net Assets $104,038

Dec. 2013

990EZ (filed on Sept. 16, 2014)

Total Revenue


Total Functional Expenses $157,676 Net income $11,477 Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue Contributions $5,632 3.3% Program services $163,472 96.6% Investment income $49 0.0% Net fundraising $0 Sales of assets $0 Net inventory sales $0 Other revenue $0 Other Total Assets $94,231 Total Liabilities $621 Net Assets $93,610

Dec. 2012

Total Revenue


Total Functional Expenses $142,299 Net income $18,070 Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue Contributions $16,305 10.2% Program services $143,994 89.8% Investment income $70 0.0% Net fundraising $0 Sales of assets $0 Net inventory sales $0 Other revenue $0 Other Total Assets $83,345 Total Liabilities $1,212 Net Assets $82,133

Dec. 2011

Total Revenue


Total Functional Expenses $153,555 Net income -$12,014 Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue Contributions $30,965 21.9% Program services $110,510 78.1% Investment income $66 0.0% Bond proceeds $0 Royalties $0 Rental property income $0 Net fundraising $0 Sales of assets $0 Net inventory sales $0 Other revenue $0 Notable expenses Percent of total expenses Executive compensation $0 Professional fundraising fees $0 Other salaries and wages $40,000 26.0% Other Total Assets $7,687 Total Liabilities $0 Net Assets $7,687

Dec. 2010

Total Revenue


Total Functional Expenses $139,084 Net income -$140 Notable sources of revenue Percent of total revenue Contributions $0 Program services $138,944 100% Investment income $0 Bond proceeds $0 Royalties $0 Rental property income $0 Net fundraising $0 Sales of assets $0 Net inventory sales $0 Other revenue $0 Notable expenses Percent of total expenses Executive compensation $25,733 18.5% Professional fundraising fees $0 Other salaries and wages $31,627 22.7% Other Total Assets $19,801 Total Liabilities $0 Net Assets $19,801

Dec. 2009

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Dec. 2008

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Dec. 2007

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Dec. 2006

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Dec. 2005

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Dec. 2004

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Dec. 2003

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Dec. 2002

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

Dec. 2001

Form 990 documents available

Extracted filing data is not available for this tax period, but Form 990 documents are available for download.

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The summary data contains information processed by the IRS during the 2012-2018 calendar years; this generally consists of filings for the 2011-2017 fiscal years, but may include older records. This data release includes only a subset of what can be found in the full Form 990s.

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Army now accepting applications for next astronaut – Article – The United States Army

Army now accepting applications for next astronaut

By Sean Kimmons, Army News Service March 5, 2020

FORT MEADE, Md. — If you’re looking to upgrade your combat uniform to a spacesuit, here’s your chance.

The Army is currently searching for candidates to be its next astronaut. And whether enlisted, warrant officer or a regular officer, any Soldier who is qualified can apply.

In the previous astronaut class, the service considered about 200 Soldiers who applied for the NASA Astronaut Candidate Program.

“We’re hoping for a lot more [this year],” said Lt. Col. Anne McClain, an Army astronaut who spent six months in space last year.

Those interested can apply through Military Personnel message 20-062, which outlines the application process. The deadline is March 31.

After highly-qualified applicants are chosen, they will go through a long screening process. The first round of interviews is slated for this fall, followed by a second round next spring.

The final class, which will consist of candidates from the other services as well as civilians, will be picked by summer 2021.

Candidates will then spend about two years in basic astronaut training, which includes skills from spacewalking and robotics to leadership and teamwork. After that, they will be eligible for a spaceflight assignment, according to NASA.

Maj. Frank Rubio, who was selected as a candidate in 2017, is the last Soldier to complete the training. He is currently awaiting a flight assignment.

Col. Drew Morgan, who was selected in 2013 along with McClain, is now in space and has already conducted seven spacewalk missions so far in his nine-month mission.

Several retired Army officers are also still active in the astronaut program, including former Col. Pat Forrester, who now serves as the chief of NASA’s astronaut office.

“We’ve been very fortunate that the Army applicants have been very successful thus far,” McClain said, “and that’s why we want to cast the net as wide as we can throughout the Army and get even more applicants.”

Soldiers, she added, have certain traits that make them valuable as astronauts.

“What the Army brings to the table, just like what Army Soldiers bring to the table wherever they go, is leadership and the ability to work in teams in arduous environments,” she said.

For those interested in applying, McClain cautions they describe in detail their experience on their resume since those reviewing it may not have military knowledge.

“What leadership training did you have, what team skills did you have? Every Soldier in the Army has leadership skills so put that on paper,” she said.

She also suggests to highlight technical skills, whether that means a Soldier worked on Humvees or helicopters, or turned a wrench on another piece of equipment.

Soldiers should write that they’ve carried out these technical skills in remote areas, which astronauts are required to do while out in space.

“Describe those things to people who are not necessarily in the Army,” she said. “I know that most Soldiers have the skills that we’re looking for and I just really encourage them to communicate that on their resume.”

If not picked this time around, Soldiers should not be discouraged. McClain, for instance, had to apply twice before being selected. Another astronaut in her class applied four times, she said.

“It’s easy to give up,” she said. “It’s hard to keep going, but it’s worthwhile.”

She fondly recalled the spacewalks in her recent mission. A former OH-58D Kiowa Warrior pilot, she said they reminded her of flying in a scout weapons team.

While out in space, she was responsible for not only herself in a risky setting, but also her spacesuit that operates like a small spacecraft, as well as a fellow astronaut and their suit.

“Overall we had to use all of this equipment to accomplish an overarching goal as part of a bigger task at hand,” she said.

But unlike her previous helicopter missions, the view was much better up there.

“You step back and look down … and see your own feet dangling with the entire Earth behind it,” she said. “It was just a really magical moment.”

And if qualified, a warrant officer or even an enlisted Soldier could experience the same thing in the future.

“We get very, very few applicants who are warrants and NCOs,” she said. “So we really want to emphasize that branch doesn’t matter, rank doesn’t matter. We really want folks to throw their hat in the ring.”

Who Will the Famous Astronauts of the 21st Century Be? The Atlantic

How Christina Koch Could Become a Spaceflight Legend

One of the astronauts in NASA’s current corps could be the first in a generation to walk on the moon—or the first to walk on Mars.

When Christina Koch returned to Earth earlier this month, feeling the full force of the planet’s gravity for the first time in a long time, it was the middle of the night in the United States. Her capsule parachuted into the Kazakh desert, and by morning, her name was all over the news. After spending 328 days living on the International Space Station, Koch had set a new record for American women in space.

The volume of attention that morning, however warranted, was somewhat unusual for a modern astronaut. Missions to the space station are routine now, and the last astronaut to have his full name flashing across headlines, as if in marquee lights, was Scott Kelly, who nearly four years earlier broke the American record for long-duration spaceflight.

All of this is to say that, in this era of space travel, most astronauts don’t become household names. Asked to think of an astronaut, most people would probably default to Neil Armstrong, the first man on the moon—not to one of the dozens of astronauts who have flown to space in this century, or even one of the three who are there right now. The public today is more likely to be familiar with nonhuman explorers, like the Mars rover Curiosity and the New Horizons spacecraft, which photographed Pluto.

But this century holds potential for new milestones in space exploration, the kind that can turn spacefarers into celebrities. The next Neil Armstrong could already be in NASA’s astronaut corps, which is more diverse now than ever before. This person will have charisma and steely resolve—and probably a very compelling Instagram account.

There is no distinct formula that makes astronauts famous, but an obvious component is novelty, says Margaret Weitekamp, a curator in the space-history department at the Smithsonian’s National Air and Space Museum. Firsts—Armstrong stepping onto the lunar surface, delivering his famous line after he put his boot down—become indelible in public memory. Sally Ride, the first American woman in space, is probably the most well-known American female astronaut.

Other superlatives, especially of the Guinness World Records variety—the most, the longest, the oldest—can make astronauts, if not flat-out famous, at least memorable. Peggy Whitson, for example, holds the record for most spacewalks by a woman. Seconds can be even less sticky. Do you remember, for instance, what the commander of Apollo 12, the second moon-landing mission, said when he descended from the lander and touched the gray surface? Or what his name was? Twelve men have walked on the moon, and even those in the space community might struggle to name all of them. Many people don’t realize that there was a third astronaut on the Apollo 11 mission: Michael Collins, who stayed behind in the command module while Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin went to the surface.

Some firsts, of course, can be eclipsed by later, bigger firsts. Alan Shepard was heralded as a national hero when he became the first American to reach space in 1961, less than a month after Yuri Gagarin did it for the Soviet Union. When John Glenn flew a year later, he didn’t just pierce the boundary between Earth’s atmosphere and space; he circled the planet three times. It was a more intense mission, and Glenn came up with a memorable tagline for it, which he repeated for years to come: “Zero G and I feel fine.” Today, Glenn is arguably the more famous of the two. As NASA grew its astronaut corps in the 1960s, astronauts “needed slightly more extraordinary circumstances to break out of the pack and become that household name,” Weitekamp says. Even milestone “firsts” didn’t always make a lasting impression in the national imagination; the first NASA astronauts of color to travel to space—Guion Bluford, who flew on the shuttle in 1983, and Mae Jemison, who followed in 1992—are icons in the space community, but less well known to laypeople.

The first all-female spacewalk, conducted last fall by Koch and Jessica Meir, drew a great deal of attention, and if it ever materialized, so would the first all-female crew on the ISS. When NASA astronauts launch on a brand-new SpaceX transportation system sometime this year, the first endeavor of its kind, the passengers’ names will most certainly cut through the news cycle. But such milestones, on their own, are unlikely to bestow astronauts with mythical status.

“When you start thinking about who’s going to be the next Neil Armstrong, you’re going to be looking for that combination of achievement and that personality that catches the public’s attention, the person who has the ‘it’ factor,” Weitekamp says.

Armstrong, she adds, had it. After he flew a couple of missions for Gemini, NASA’s pre-Apollo program, the agency sent him on a publicity tour through South America. Armstrong took a Spanish conversation class to prepare for the trip and name-dropped important South American figures, particularly in aviation, in his speeches, according to James R. Hansen’s biography of the astronaut. “He never failed to choose the right words,” recalled George Low, a NASA executive who traveled with Armstrong and was impressed.

Low would later manage the Apollo program and its crew assignments, including which astronaut should be the first one out of the lander. Armstrong had proved to NASA leadership not only that he could master the mission—he was one of the agency’s best pilots—but that he could handle the attention, too. Armstrong is famous in part because NASA chose him to be famous and, after he finished the mission, turned him into a spokesman for American spaceflight. Aldrin, meanwhile, may be better remembered for the persona he cultivated after visiting the moon, where he followed Armstrong onto the lunar surface. Whereas Armstrong, who died in 2012, is remembered for his stoic and amiable personality, Aldrin became known for a feisty attitude he has maintained into his 90s. (In recent years, he punched a moon-landing denier outside of a hotel and made a GIF-worthy range of facial expressions behind President Trump as he spoke about space exploration.)

In some cases, the “it” factor can outweigh a record-setting superlative. Chris Hadfield is the first Canadian to do a spacewalk, but he’s best known for his floating rendition of David Bowie’s “Space Oddity” on board the ISS, which has more than 45 million views on YouTube. Scott Kelly holds the American record for the most consecutive days in space, but he built his fan base through frequent Instagram posts of beautiful Earth shots. NASA does plenty of work to promote astronauts, especially those involved in the flashiest missions. But thanks to social media—which astronauts are encouraged to use—the spacefarers can take that much more ownership of their public image.

Fans have always been eager for such personal glimpses of astronauts’ personalities, Weitekamp says; in the 1950s and ’60s, Life magazine ran stories about the lives of the Mercury astronauts, ghostwritten but published under the men’s bylines. These days, every NASA astronaut has a professional Twitter account—a very different kind of launchpad for name recognition, but potentially nearly as effective. A tweet from Koch featuring a heartwarming video of the astronaut greeting her dog, adorably overjoyed after their long separation, quickly went viral.

To be a spaceflight legend, an astronaut will likely need, as Weitekamp puts it, extraordinary circumstances. Imagine the first woman on the moon, or the first people to set foot on Mars. It is not unrealistic to think that at the end of this century, the name of the first person to step onto the red planet will be more prominently woven into collective memory than the name Neil Armstrong. By the end of this century, 1969 will be 130 years in the past, as distant a memory as 1890 is now, when Nellie Bly made headlines by circumnavigating the globe, by ship and by rail, in just 72 days.

These explorers are probably already within NASA’s ranks. (Or, perhaps, working for a private company: The 21st century’s most famous spacefarer could end up being Elon Musk.) NASA recently added 11 new members to its active astronaut corps, bringing the total to 48. The new class, fresh off training, “may be assigned to missions destined for the International Space Station, the Moon, and ultimately, Mars,” the space agency said in a statement. These new astronauts can’t predict which among their ranks might be chosen for the next big feat in spaceflight history, but they can start daydreaming about what they might say as they take their own first step. Or they could go the Armstrong route and wait until the moment is near. Days before Apollo 11 launched, a reporter asked whether Armstrong, being “destined to become a historical personage of some consequence,” had come up with “something suitably historical and memorable” to say when he stepped onto the moon. “No, I haven’t,” Armstrong replied. Better to make history first.